The Clifford Constitution of 1922 disposed the Nigerian Council of Lord Lugard (1914) and set up a new legislative council for the Southern Protectorate. The membership of the Clifford legislative council was 46. Twenty- seven out of the 46 members were officials while 19 were unofficial members. Ten out of the 19 unofficial members were Nigerians and out of the 10 unofficial Nigerians, 4 were elected, 3 from Lagos and 1 from Calabar. Continue reading The Clifford Constitution of 1922→
The presidential system of government practiced in the Second Republic of Nigeria (1979-1983) favored the existence of a multi-party system. The then Electoral commission of Nigeria, the Federal Electoral Commission (FEDECO), registered five political parties out of about 52 parties that showed up for the 1979 general elections which was to usher in the second Republic in Nigeria. The five political parties registered for the 1979 general elections were: Continue reading Political Parties in the Second Republic of Nigeria→
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Let us begin with the definition of the indirect rule system. What is indirect rule? It is a system of administration used by the British colonial government to govern the people through the use of traditional rulers and traditional political institutions. The indirect rule system was introduced into to Nigeria by Continue reading Indirect Rule in Nigeria→
A comprehensive value of the Nigerian art and culture gives you a glimpse of the beautiful stone carvings, potteries, wood carvings and different form of glass work. The bronze work of Igbo-ukuw which lies in Enugu state stands as the highest of the ancient works of Nigeria art. The Igbo- ukuw bronze works with beautiful and amazing designs, are well known as well as Ifa works, while famous places like Continue reading Art work of Nigeria→
Let us begin with the definition of a constitution; A constitution is a set or body of agreed rules that guides a state or country in its administration. Before Nigeria became independent in 1960, series of constitutions had been used in administering the country, e.g. the Clifford constitution of 1922, the Richards constitution of 1946, the Macpherson constitution of 1951 and the Lyttleton Constitution of 1954. Each of these constitutions Continue reading The Nigerian Independence Constitution of 1960→
Ibadan, (pronounced as E- baa- dawn) the present capital of Oyo State, is the third most populous state in Nigeria after Lagos and Kano with 3.5 million dwellers. In the 1960s, Ibadan was known to be the largest city in Africa after Cairo (Egypt) and Johannesburg in South Africa. The Yoruba people are the main inhabitant of this popular city, Ibadan, which was formally called Continue reading The History Of Ibadan- The City Of Heroes→
The national flag of Nigeria was designed in 1959, a year before the independence of Nigeria, by Mr Michael Taiwo Akinkumi, as at then he was still a student in London. Several designs were presented, almost 3000, but the one designed by Mr. Taiwo Akinkumi was chosen. On October 1, 1960, Queen Elizabeth II of England handed over the flag to Nigerian leaders through Princess Alexandra who represented her at Continue reading The National Flag and Coat of Arms of Nigeria→
The Nigerian civil war, also known as the Biafran war which started on the 6th of July 1967 and ended on 15th of January 1970, was a war fought by Nigeria against Biafra to counter the secession of Biafra from the Republic of Nigeria. The Igbos felt they could no longer relate smoothly with the northern Continue reading Real Accounts of The Nigerian Civil War (1967- 1970)→
The National Congress of British West Africa (NCBWA) was formed in Accra, Gold Coast (now Ghana) in 1920 by the educated elites from English-speaking West African colonies led by Mr. Joseph Casely Ephraim Hayford of Ghana and Dr. Akinwande Savage of Nigeria. The NCBWA’s first meeting was held at Continue reading The National Congress of British West Africa (NCBWA)→
The Nri people of Igboland have a creation myth which is one of the many creation myth that exists in various parts of Igbo land. The Nri and Aguleri people are in territory of the Umueri clan who trace their lineages back to the patriarchal king- figure “Eri”. Eri’s origin are unclear, though he has been described as a sky being sent by Chukwu (God). Continue reading The Nri Kingdom of Umueri→
The foundation of the ancient historical laden was laid by the rev. Henry Townsend of C.M.S (Church Missionary Society) on the Marina waterfront in Badagry, Lagos, Nigeria in the year 1842, and was later built by other missionaries in 1845. The building served as vicarage for Saint Thomas Anglican Church and was later used by Samuel Ajayi Crowther, the first African C.M.S bishop that translated the Holy Bible from English to Continue reading Nigeria’s First Storey Building→
The history of Federalism in Nigeria can be traced to the division of the country into three provinces (Northern Province, Western Province and Eastern Province) by Governor Bernard Bourdillion in 1939. Governor Bernard Bourdillion (1935 – 1943) recommended the replacement of the provinces by regions which Arthur Richard’s Constitution later implemented in 1946. It was the idea of the Richard’s constitution that brought in a Federal structure but which it didn’t accomplish to the end. However, in 1953, Governor Macpherson’s constitution improved on that of Richard’s by creating House of Rep. with powers to make law for the country and Regional Houses of Assembly to make law for the regions. Later, in 1954, the Lyttleton constitution came in with a Federal system of government for the country. This was as a result of the constitutional conference that was held in London in 1953 (1953 London Constitutional Conference) where it was decided that Nigeria should become a Federal State.
Federalism is a system of government whereby power is constitutionally shared between the central government and other component units e.g. State/region and local government, but in 1954 there were only the central and regional government in Nigeria. Their powers and functions were shared to them by the constitution. Exclusive legislative functions were meant for the central government while concurrent legislative functions were meant for both the central and regional government and residual legislative functions were meant for the regions.
Here are some reasons why Federalism was introduced into Nigeria.
* Cultural diversity
* Fear of domination by the minorities
* The size of the country
* Geographical factor
* Bringing government nearer to the
*British colonial policy
* Economic factor
* Effective administration.
* C. C. Dibie; Essential Government for Senior Secondary Schools; 3rd edition; Lagos; Tonad Publishers; 2008
The “riots” or the war, led by women in the provinces of Calabar and Owerri in southeastern Nigeria in November and December of 1929, became known as the “Aba Women’s Riots of 1929” in British colonial history, or as the “Women’s War” in Igbo history. Thousands of Igbo women organized a massive revolt against the policies imposed by British colonial administrators in Continue reading Aba Women’s Riot (1929)→
On the 14th of June, 1955, an Action Group member of the then Western Region House of Assembly, Honorable M. S. Sowole tabled a motion at the sitting of the house. The motion reads: “I beg leave to move that this house prays Her Majesty’s Government in the United Kingdom to make necessary constitutional arrangements at the proposed conference for a separate state of Benin and Delta provinces. Continue reading How the Mid- Western Region was created→
You’ve always heard about the amalgamation of the Northern and Southern Protectorates which took place on the 1st of January, 1914. Then you should also have a glimpse of the event that led to the great nation called Nigeria.
Below is the speech of Lord Frederick Lugard on the Amalgamation day (Jan. 1, 1914).
The council was created in 1914 after the amalgamation of the Northern and Southern protectorates by Lord Lugard. Membership of the council was 24 official and 12 unofficial members. The unofficial members were; 6 Europeans representing commerce, shipping, banking, mining, chambers of commerce and 6 Africans made up of Sultan of Sokoto, Alaafin of Oyo, Emir of Kano, Chief Dogho Numa and a few educated Nigerians from Lagos and Calabar. The officials include Continue reading The Nigerian council of Lord Lugard→