Hundreds of years ago, the drawing of Ila (tribal/facial mark) was a common practice among the Yoruba tribe of Western Nigeria. Ila are special marks drawn on the face or body of an individual shortly after birth or during childhood. Those who have this marks are refered to as Okola. Continue reading Ila– Yoruba Tribal Mark→
The Ibadan-Ijaye war broke out in 1861 between Ibadan and Ijaye over who to succeed the old Oyo empire as the political head of Yorubaland. The two rebelling towns sprang up from the ruins of the Old Oyo empire which was destroyed in 1836 by the Fulanis. Ibadan, Ijaye and the new Oyo, also called Oyo Atiba, succeeded the Old Oyo empire after its destruction. According to Latisosa, a Balogun of Ibadanland who fought in the war, Continue reading The Ibadan-Ijaye War (1861-1862)→
Ojude Oba is an annually celebrated festival in the heart of Ijebu- Ode, the capital of the whole Ijebu nation, with an estimated population of 30,000 attendants. The colourful and glamorous festival is celebrated on the third day of the Muslim’s Eid-El-Kabir festival, otherwise known as ‘Ileya’ among the Yoruba people. The festival is used as a medium of uniting the sons and daughters of the Ijebu nation at home and abroad.
In Yoruba land, apart from “Oba“, the general term for kings, each king or traditional ruler has his own royal title which distinguishes him from other kings. Here are some titles of kings/ traditional rulers in Yoruba land.
In 1891, the Ijebu tribe, dwelling between 50 and 60 miles north-east of Lagos on the Magbon river, set a blockade on the trade route from the interior into Lagos, which was a crown colony, and charged customs dues which served as their income. The Awujale, the traditional ruler of Ijebu, closed down the Ejirin market, cutting off Lagos from a source of up-country trade.
The British government persuaded the Awujale several times to open the blockaded route but the Ijebu ruler remained adamant. However, Continue reading The British-Ijebu war of 1892 (The battle of Imagbon)→
During the olden days in Yorubaland, there are many types of occupations which differ from one another, some are meant for men, definitely the dangerous and stressful ones, while the ones with less danger and stress are reserved for women. Among the Yoruba people, “ise owo” is the term used to describe an individual’s occupation or profession. In Yoruba land, a man without any occupation or profession is regarded as a useless and lazy fellow in the society, the Yoruba term given to such man is ole (lazy) or “ole a lapa ma sise” (lazy fellow that can’t work with his hands), on the other side of women, Continue reading Traditional Occupations In Yoruba Land→
Ibadan, (pronounced as E- baa- dawn) the present capital of Oyo State, is the third most populous state in Nigeria after Lagos and Kano with 3.5 million dwellers. In the 1960s, Ibadan was known to be the largest city in Africa after Cairo (Egypt) and Johannesburg in South Africa. The Yoruba people are the main inhabitant of this popular city, Ibadan, which was formally called Continue reading The History Of Ibadan- The City Of Heroes→
The Yoruba people are well known for their numerous cultural and religious beliefs which guides them mentally, spiritually and morally in life. There are legions of beliefs among the Yoruba people, but here, we are talking about some ten funny ones.
The Yoruba tribe were believed to have emerged from Oduduwa (one of the servants of Olodumare- the Supreme Being) who was sent down to the world to create the earth. It was believed that he descended with a long chain from heaven and carried a calabash full of sand and also brought a five- toed fowl along with him. The whole earth was covered with water, not a single dry place could be found, then he (Oduduwa) poured the sand on the water and placed the fowl on it, and the fowl Continue reading Mythical Creation of the Yoruba Tribe→
Before the advent of the British in Yoruba land, Yoruba kingdoms maintained an orderly and unified political system which is still in effect till today. A Yoruba kingdom (e.g. the Oyo kingdom) was made up of a headquarter (i.e. Olu-Ilu) and other local towns and villages. However, its political administration consisted of a central level and subordinate units. Continue reading Pre-colonial Political Administration In Yorubaland→
The Kiriji/Ekiti parapo war was a sixteen- year conflict that broke out mainly between Ibadan and the combined forces of Ekiti and Ijesha. According to Latisosa, “the kiriji war ended all wars in Yoruba land”. The Kiriji/Ekiti parapo war was inarguably the last and the most protracted war that plagued the Yoruba nation. The war broke out because of the Continue reading The Kiriji War (1877-1893)→
Egungun refers to all kinds of Yoruba masquerades or masked costumed figures representing ancestral spirits from the land of the dead. It refers to the Yoruba masquerades connected with the ancestors, or to the ancestor’s lives. The singular form for a masquerade is called Egun. Continue reading THE EGUNGUN→
Marriage is an important culture in Yorubaland and the main reason behind it is because the Yorubas love kids so much. They attach so much importance to child-bearing after the wedding ceremony and count a marriage devoid of children as an unfruitful union. The idiosyncrasy of a typical Yorubaman differs so much from that of people from the western world and that’s why as a case study, although Continue reading Traditional Marriage in Yorubaland→
An Orisha(also spelled Orisa or Orixa) is a spirit or deity that reflects one of the manifestations of God in the Yoruba spiritual or religious system.
*. Olorun(Olorun, Olodumaré, Olofin)- God, the creator.
*. Eshu(Eleggua, Exú, Eṣu, Elegba, Ellegua, Legbara, Papa Legba)- Eshu is the messenger between the human and divine worlds, Orisha of duality, crossroads and beginnings, and also a phallic and fertility deity (an Embodiment of Life). Eshu is recognized as a trickster.
*. Ogoun(Ogun, Ogúm, Ogou)- warrior deity; divinity of iron, war, labour, sacrifice, politics, and technology (e.g. railroads, tools, man-made objects). Continue reading Orishas (Deities) worshipped in Yoruba Land→